U.S. Government Concludes Evidentiary Phase in Antitrust Trial Against Google

The U.S. government has concluded the evidentiary phase in its antitrust trial against Alphabet’s Google, marking a critical stage in the legal battle.

The Justice Department, which initiated the trial on September 12, aims to establish that Google holds a monopoly and has unlawfully wielded its power to benefit its interests, particularly in online search.

Moving Markets

Key Points:

The objective of the Trial:

    • The Justice Department seeks to prove that Google is a monopolist and has engaged in illegal practices to maintain its dominance in online search, ultimately favouring its financial interests.

Closing Arguments and Trial Progress:

    • While no decision has been made regarding closing arguments, the trial is expected to conclude on Thursday broadly. Discussions suggest that closing arguments, if held, take place in the spring.
    • The evidentiary phase has featured testimony from witnesses representing Verizon, Samsung (maker of Android), and Google. Previous testimonies delved into Google’s substantial annual payments of $26.3 billion in 2021 to secure default search status on smartphones and browsers.

Market Power and Anticompetitive Behavior:

    • MIT economics professor Michael Whinston, the final witness for the U.S., argued that Google’s contractual agreements, particularly the significant payments to secure default search placement, have bestowed the company with market power in the search advertising sector.
    • Whinston contended that Google had leveraged this market power to increase prices, indicating anticompetitive behaviour and potential harm to fair market competition.

Future Proceedings:

    • The decision on whether to proceed with closing arguments is pending. If conducted, closing arguments will be a crucial phase where both parties will summarize their cases.
    • The trial’s outcome will affect Google’s business practices and the broader landscape of antitrust regulation in the technology sector.


As the evidentiary phase concludes in the antitrust trial against Google, the focus shifts to potential closing arguments and, ultimately, the court’s decision. The trial underscores the growing scrutiny and regulatory challenges that major technology companies accused of anti-competitive practices face. The implications of this case could extend beyond Google, shaping the future landscape of antitrust enforcement in the tech industry.


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