10-Year Treasury Yield Retreats Ahead of Federal Reserve Decision

U.S. Treasury yields saw a modest decline on Wednesday, with the 10-year yield stepping back from levels not witnessed in over 15 years. This move comes as investors eagerly await the latest pronouncements from the Federal Reserve.

The 10-year Treasury yield slid by approximately 2 basis points to 4.343%, a day after briefly touching heights last observed in November 2007. Similarly, the 2-year Treasury yield retreated by nearly 4 basis points to 5.071%, following a near-return to November 2007 highs on Tuesday.

Meanwhile, the 30-year Treasury yield dipped by just over 1 basis point to 4.414%. It’s essential to understand that yields and bond prices exhibit an inverse relationship, with one basis point equating to 0.01%.

The Federal Reserve is poised to unveil its latest decision on interest rates, and it is widely anticipated that the central bank will maintain the status quo by keeping rates unchanged. However, investors are keen to gain fresh insights into the Fed’s policy direction and its outlook for the economy.

The Fed will also release its quarterly projections for various key economic indicators, encompassing interest rates, gross domestic product (GDP), inflation, and unemployment.


Many investors have been hoping for signs that the Fed’s rate-hiking cycle is nearing its end, as concerns persist about higher rates potentially leading the U.S. economy into a recession. While some market participants anticipate fewer rate hikes, Fed officials have not entirely ruled out the possibility of further increases.

Notably, Treasury yields have continued to ascend to multi-year highs, even as expectations of another Fed rate hike this year have waned. Investors are optimistic that market yields will recede from these peaks if inflation continues to ease and if the Fed signals a cessation of rate hikes.

The Federal Reserve initiated rate hikes in March 2022 and has consistently implemented them at nearly every meeting, aiming to rein in inflation and temper the overall economy, including the labor market.

Recent consumer and producer price index reports indicated that inflationary pressures are still present, albeit at a more moderate level. The outcome of the Fed’s rate decision and its economic outlook guidance will be followed by a press conference led by Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell.

In the United Kingdom, the latest data revealed that inflation for August stood at 6.7% on an annual basis, which was slightly lower than the 7% forecasted by economists polled by Reuters. This figure represented a decline compared to the preceding month’s inflation rate. This development precedes the Bank of England’s upcoming interest rate decision, scheduled for Thursday.


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